Population size, structure and composition

  • The population of Ellembelle District, according to the 2010 Population and Housing Census, is 87,501 constituting 3.7 percent of the total population in the Western Region
  • Males constitute 48.4 percent and females represent 51.6 percent.
  • About 79.4 percent of the population resides in rural and 20.6 percent in urban areas.
  • The district has a sex ratio of 93.7.
  • The population of the district depicts a broad base population pyramid which tapers off with a small number of elderly persons.
  • The age dependency ratio for the district is 82.2, the age dependency ratio for males is lower (40.5) than that of females

Fertility, mortality and migration

  • Total fertility rate for the district 3.6
  • The general fertility rate is 89.7 births per 1000 women aged 15-49 years
  • rude Birth Rate is 27.6 per 1000 population
  • Crude Death Rate is 5.4 per 1000
  • 15.8% migrants living in the district were born elsewhere in western region
  • 17.9% migrants born outside Ghana

Household size, composition and structure

  • Household size, composition and structure
  • The district has a household population of 85,338 with a total number of 18,682 households
  • Average household size in the district is 4.6 persons per household
  • Children constitute the largest (40.9%) proportion of household composition
  • Spouses form 9.2%
  • Nuclear households constitute 26.1% of household structure

Marital status

  • About 40.9% of population 12 years older are married
  • 42.6% have never married
  • 3.4% are in consensual unions
  • 5% is widowed
  • 5.7% divorced
  • 2.5% separated
  • 59.8% of females with age bracket 25-29 married

Literacy and education

  • Of the population 11 years and older, 73.8 percent are literate and 26.2 percent is not literate.
  • Slightly more than seven out of ten people (74.3%) could read and write in both English and a Ghanaian language
  • About 22.1 percent of the population have never attended school
  • 43.8 percent are currently in school and 34.1 percent have attended school in the past. Of the population aged 3 years and older 35,231 are currently attending school in the district.

Economic Activity Status

  • About 58.8 percent of the population aged 15 years and older are economically active
  • 41.2 per cent are economically not active. Of the economically active population
  • 94.8 percent is employed, while
  • 5.2 percent is unemployed
  • For those who are economically not active a larger percentage of them are students (46.1%), 24.6 percent perform household duties and 5.2 percent are disabled or too sick to work. Nearly six out of ten (61.1%) of the unemployed persons are seeking work for the first time.
  • Of the employed population, 35.2 percent are skilled agricultural forestry and fishery workers 22.5 percent, in the service and sales work and 18 percent are in craft and related trades.
  • Females are more likely than males to be engaged in Service and sales work (35.7%) whereas males are more likely than females to be engaged as skilled agricultural forestry and fishery workers (39.1%).
  • About 69 percent of the workforce is self-employed without employees with females and males proportions as 77.5 percent and 59.7 percent respectively.

Information and Communication Technology

  • Of the population 12 years and older, 40.4 percent own mobile phones.
  • Men who own mobile phones constitute 46.3 percent as compared to 35.1 percent of females.
  • Only 3.1 percent of the population 12 years and older use internet facilities in the district.
  • About 581 households representing 3.1 percent of the total households in the district have desktop/laptop computers.


  • About 1.6 percent of the district’s total population has a disability.
  • The proportion of the male population with disability is the same as the female (1.6%)
  • The types of disability in the district include sight, hearing, speech, physical, intellect, and emotion.
  • Persons with sight disability recorded the highest (37.1%) followed by physical disability (35.7%).
  • Of the population (1428) who has disability, 641 constituting 46.5 percent have never been to school.


  • About 44.8 percent of households in the district are engage in agriculture. Of those in
  • Agriculture, 92 percent are into crop farming and 22.4 percent are into livestock rearing.
  • Poultry (chicken) and fish farming are the dominant animal reared in the district.


  • The housing stock of Ellembelle District is 12,290.
  • The rural areas have a higher proportion of the houses (82.9%) compared to the urban areas (17.1%).
  • The average number of persons per house is 7.
  • Type, tenancy arrangement and ownership of dwelling units
  • About 29.5 percent of all dwelling units in the district are separate houses, 54 percent, compound houses; and 6 percent, huts.
  • About 68.6 percent of the dwelling units in the district are owned by members of households, 11.9 percent is owned by private individuals and 16.3 percent is owned by a relative who is not a member of the household and only 1.1 percent is owned by public or government.
  • Less than one percent (0.8%) of the dwelling units is owned through mortgage schemes.

Main sources

  • The main sources of fuel for cooking for most households in the district are wood (56.8%) and charcoal (26.3%).
  • Water for drinking in the district are mainly obtained from boreholes (25.3%),
  • Pipe borne outside dwelling (17%) and river or stream water (13.1%)
  • The main toilet facility used in the district is public toilet facility (31.9%) and pit latrine (24.3%).
  • About 30 percent of the households in the district have no toilet facility.
  • About 40.4 percent share bath rooms in the same house and 27.1 percent own bathroom for exclusive use in their dwellings and 13.4 percent use shared open cubicles for bathing

Waste disposal

  • The most common method of solid waste disposal is public dump (container) (43.5%) and public dump (open space) (38.2%).
  • Dumping of solid waste indiscriminately is practiced by 8.2 percent of the households.
  • Liquid waste disposal onto the compound (49.1%) and onto the street or outside (34.4%) are the two most common practices by households in the district.

Source: 2010 Population and Housing Census (2010 PHC)

The Member of Parliament for this area is Emmanuel Armah Kofi Buah

Community Monitoring Group

Barnabas Kwasi

Vice-Chairman, Nkroful Youth Development Association

Monitoring Classification: YOUTH

Christian Sarfo

Secretary, Local Council of Churches

Monitoring Classification:

Osman Seidu

Muslims Youth Association

Monitoring Classification: MUSLIM

Vivian Muah

Women leader or market women leader) / Teacher

Monitoring Classification: Gender

Lydia Mensah

Radio host at WestEnd Radio

Monitoring Classification: Media – Journalist or staff from Information Service Department (ISD)

Stephen Oduro Appiah

Deputy Director and Officer in charge of Ghana School Feeding Programme

Monitoring Classification: District Assembly coordinator of GSFP

Wisdom Bakuyeya

Acting Head of Social Welfare & Development Committee

Monitoring Classification: District Assembly coordinator of LEAP/LIPW

Aikins Titus Narchiah>

District Director for Youth Employment and Assemblyman for Menzezor

Monitoring Classification: District Implementing Committee (Com. LEAP Implementation Committess)

Jeremaih Kusan

Organizer, School Management Committee

Monitoring Classification: School Management Committee (SMC